Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome (FPIES) is a type of food allergy affecting the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. FPIES is a non-IgE mediated immune reaction in the gastrointestinal system to one or more specific foods. IgE stands for Immunoglobulin E. It is a type of antibody, formed to protect the body from infection, that functions in allergic reactions. IgE-mediated reactions are considered immediate hypersensitivity immune system reactions, while cell mediated reactions are considered delayed hypersensitivity.
Families of children battling food-protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) know the frightening symptoms of this medical condition. Sometimes referred to as delayed food allergy because onset of symptoms is not immediate, FPIES causes severe vomiting and diarrhea, typically affecting infants and the very young. In some cases children suffer dehydration, shock and other complications requiring emergency room care. Like other food allergies, symptoms are triggered by eating certain foods, most commonly milk, soy and grains.
The most effective way to manage FPIES is to strictly manage your child’s diet—avoiding the foods that trigger the allergic response and providing the medical foods and formulas necessary for your child to grow and thrive. Unfortunately, insurance companies do not often provide coverage for the medical nutrition your child needs. Here we have provided information about some programs that may help reimburse you for some of the cost you must incur.